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Feb 6, 2016

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List of Languages in Pakistan


Urdu is national language of Pakistan. Urdu and English are official languages of Pakistan, however Supreme Court of Pakistan has ordered the government to make Urdu as sole official language and eliminate English. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto and Balochi are provincial languages. And there are many other regional languages. Majority of the Pakistani Muslims can also read Arabic, as Muslims recite Holy Quran which is in Arabic language. Some students also study Arabic in Schools, Colleges and University level.
Majority of the Pakistani people can speak or at least understand more than one language. Urdu is the first language of only about 8 percent Pakistanis but it is widely spoken and understand by most of the Pakistanis.

Major Spoken Languages in Pakistan

Punjabi is the largest language by number of speakers with about 44%. Other major languages are Pashto (15%), Sindhi (14%), Saraiki (10%), Urdu (8%) and Balochi (4%). Speakers of other languages are about 4% of the total population. Some experts say that Saraiki and Hindko are dialects of Punjabi while according to some other these are separate languages. Saraiki was included in Punjabi in 1951 and 1961 census. This chart is based on the number of speakers with first language.

pakistani-languages

List of all Spoken Languages in Pakistan

Following languages are spoken in Pakistan.

Languages in Punjab Province

Punjabi
Saraiki
Pothohari
Hindko
Haryanvi
Pashto
Bagri
Urdu

Languages in Sindh Province

Sindhi
Urdu
Saraiki
Gujarati
Dhatki (Thari)
Pashto
Marwari
Kathiawari
Balochi
Kutchi
Od (Odki)

Languages in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province

Pashto
Hindko
Khowar (Chitrali)
Kalami
Saraiki
Kohistani
Kalasha
Pahari
Torwali
Palula
Kashmiri
Ushoji
Domaki
Wakhi
Bateri
Kundal Shahi
Persian
Dameli
Kalkoti

Languages in Balochistan Province

Balochi
Brahui
Pashto
Saraiki
Sindhi
Dehwari - Persian
Makrani
Hazargi - Persian
Dari

Languages in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK)

Kashmiri
Pahari
Mirpuri
Pashto
Hindko
Punjabi
Gujari or Gojri
Urdu

Gilgit Baltistan

Balti
Shina
Gujari
Kashmiri
Badeshi
Burushaski

It is my effort to enlist all the languages spoken in Pakistan. If you find any mistake in it, please play your role and mention the correct information in the comments.

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