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Oct 29, 2010

Dengue Fever/Dengue Virus

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Dengue Fever

What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue Fever is also called as Dengi or Dingi Fever. It is also known as Breakbone Fever and DHF (Dengue Hemmorhagic Fever). Dengue Fever is a disease that spreads by the day biting (between 6am~9am and 4pm~7pm).  It’s a viral life threatening disease. Dengue Fever lasts from 2 to 7 days.
Dengue Mosquito 

Dengue Virus and Aedes Aegypti Mosquito

Dengue Virus is spread through a Mosquito of clear water, which is called Aedes Aegypti Mosquito. This mosquito grows in large tanks of water, clear ponds, swimming pools and water containers etc.
Dengue Virus does not spread from person to person.
Dengue Virus



Symptoms of Dengue Fever

  • Extremely Painful in Muscle and Joints
  • Headache, Eye Pain and Dizziness
  • Loss of Hunger
  • Bleeding, Vomiting Blood and Bloody Diarrhea
  • Bright Red Pinpoint Spots (mostly on lower limbs and chest)
  • Abdominal Pain, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea
  • 103~105 °F Body Temperature
Dengue Fever Patient - Symptoms

Dengue Test

Test Kits are available to diagnose Dengue Fever.


Dengue Fever Prevention and Vaccination

There is no vaccination available in market for Dengue Virus so it’s better to take some preventive measures to be prevented.  Here are some most common steps which should be taken to prevent you from Dengue Fever.

  • Water Bugs are available to place in water tanks to catch Aedes Aegypti Mosquito.
  • As Dengue Virus may be transmitted due to infected blood, so try to ensure that the blood that you are transmitting is not Dengue Virus infected.
  • Use mosquito coils and electric vapor mats during the daytime also to prevent dengue.
  • Use mosquito nets to protect children, old people and others who may rest during the day.
  • Turn pails and watering cans over and store them under shelter.
  • Cover rarely used gully traps. Replace the gully trap with non-perforated ones.
  • Use sprays to kill Dengue Mosquito.

Dengue Fever Medicines and Treatment

Patient of Dengue Fever should be admitted to nearest best hospital or any other medical facility. Life of patient can be saved by providing timely medical treatment. Supportive Therapy is present for it but there is no proper medicine is available till now. Oral Rehydration and Intravenous Infusions should be given to patient.
Never give Aspirins or Intramuscular injections to patient in this case. However Paracetamol can be taken by patient.


WHO Reports

According to WHO (World Health Organization), 2.5 billion people are somehow infected with Dengue Virus from 100 countries. And there are 50 million cases are seen every year from across the world. Dengue Virus is mainly present in countries having warm environment.

Oct 26, 2010

Load Shedding Free Pakistan – PEPCO

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Load Shedding Ended in Pakistan

PEPCO (Pakistan Electric Power Company), which is responsible with other subsidiary companies (GEPCO, MEPCO, FESCO, LESCO, IESCO etc) for distribution of electricity in whole Pakistan except Karachi, claimed today that load shedding from whole Pakistan has been ended. At the time being, domestic consumers along with industries including Textile Industry, Ghee Industry, Flour Industry and Cement Industry are included in this so called “Load Shedding Free Environment”. Commercial Feeders will be scheduled for a load shedding of only 1 hour daily. Director General PEPCO said that they are trying very hard to give an end to electric load shedding, totally and permanently.

It is also being reported that 4 power plant units will also connected to national grid in near future, which are closed from some time.
But still, there is load shedding of 8~10 hours in Karachi. KESC (Karachi Electric Supply Corporation) is solely responsible for electric supply in Karachi. KESC said that it is hard for them to decrease electricity short fall due to the shortage of gas supply.
It seems that this continuity of electric supply in Pakistan has become possible only due to the change in weather and not due to any management tactic or any development of PEPCO, WAPDA or any other government department. Air Conditioners are not being used at homes or offices these days due to winter season so thousands of Mega Watts Electricity is saved which is automatically result in continuous power supply. Government is requested to make some permanent arrangements to imprison this giant of load shedding.

Pakistan Army Wins Gold Medal in Cambrian Patrol Exercise UK

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Pakistan Army Wins Gold Medal in Cambrian Patrol Exercise UK

Pakistan Army team has beaten 70 British and 16 teams from other countries of the world including USA, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Australia, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, New Zealand and India etc. Pakistan Army stood first and wins Gold Medal. USA got silver while India got bronze medals. Pakistani team comprised upon only 8 members, Major Asfandyar was the leader of the Pakistani tram. Team was selected from Rawalpindi Corps. Cambrian Patrol exercise is being commencing in the United Kingdom since 1951, Pakistan Army was invited in 2008 for the first time.  At that time, Pakistan Army had won Bronze while 2009 it won Silver and now it has risen up to win Gold Medal.


Cambrian Patrol is a 3 days international army exercise held every year in Wales, United Kingdom. Total 86 teams from 15 nations participated in this patrol exercise. There are 250 judges engaged in this exercise. 

Oct 25, 2010

IPI Iran-Pakistan-India and IP Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline Project

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Iran-Pakistan-India Gas Pipeline

Iran-Pakistan-India Gas Pipeline or simply IPI Project is also called “Peace Project”. Many companies from different countries are interested in IPI Pipeline Project; Gazprom (Russia), BHP Billiton (Australia), PETRONAS (Malaysia), Total (France), Royal Dutch Shell, BG Group and GAIL India.
Route for IPI Pipeline was proposed from South Pars Oil Field Iran to Khuzdar, Karachi, Multan and then to New Delhi. 7.5 Billion US Dollars total cost was estimated. And the project was to be started in 2009 and completed in 2013. 2775 km of 56 inches pipeline was to be laid down.
But due to the influence of USA, India has detached itself from IPI Pipeline.

IP Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline

After separation of India, now there are only two partners of pipeline project, so it has been renamed as IP Iran-Pakistan Pipeline Project. Iran and Pakistan signed Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement on 06 June, 2009. Some of the key points of this agreement are:
Iran will supply 750 MMSCFD gas to Pakistan for 25 years.
Project was to be started in September 2009 and target date for completion is June 2014.
Route for Iran Pakistan Pipelines will be Iran-Gwadar-Bhong.
Total length of the IP Pipeline is 2100 kilometers. Iran has completed its 1100 km pipeline and Pakistan has yet to start.
Diameter of pipeline has been reduced to 42 inches. Pakistan has to spend an amount of approximately 3.5 Billion Dollars. Sui Northern Gas Pipeline Limited Pakistan, Sui Southern Gas Company Limited Pakistan, The National Iranian Gas Company Iran and Khatam ol Anbia Company Iran are responsible for the erection of pipeline.
250% increase in gas consumption in Pakistan is expected. Iran has to support its week economy and Pakistan is in need of natural gas.

History of IPI Pipeline

Lt. Colonel Malik Aftab Ahmed Khan, a Civil Engineer of Military College of Engineering, Risalpur conceived this idea in 1950. He named it “Persian Pipeline”. Ex. Foreign Minister of Iran Ali Shams Ardekani and Rajendra Pachauri DG of TATA Energy Research Institute discussed this concept. In 1993 an MOU was signed between India and Iran. But after the participation of Pakistan in 1994, the project became feasible.  

USA Role in IPI Pipeline

USA has sanctioned ban on Iran under Iran/Libya Sanction Act 1996. USA has been succeeded to detach India from IPI Pipeline. USA has proposed an alternative gas supply to South Asia from Central Asia; this project is called TAPI Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Pielines.

Russian and Chinese Role in IPI Pipeline

Russian, Iran and Pakistan want multi-polarity system in the world. Europe depends on Russia for its 41% gas requirements.
China is already considering an oil pipeline from Middle East to West China through a shortest route from Pakistan. China has played a key role in the development of Iranian South Pars Oil Field. If China becomes a partner of this pipeline project then financing will become a “Non Issue” for Pakistan and Pakistan will also earn revenue from the transit of gas through its territory.

Iranian Electricity Transmission

Iran has also offered to build an electricity transmission line from Iran to Pakistan, India and China. Iran has also interested to supply electricity to Bangladesh.

Baluchistan and IP Pipeline Project

Peaceful Baluchistan is too much necessary for the successful completion and coming into operation of this project. BLA (Baluchistan Liberation Army) and other militant groups can be dangerous for it.
Trans-National Gas Pipeline will give strength to Pakistani Economy and Baluchistan Province will also be developed through this project. A Technical Institute and an Engineering University should be urgently built in Baluchistan and graduates from this institute and University should be employed in this project. And a comprehensive share from the income of this pipeline may also be used for the development of Baluchistan.

Oct 2, 2010

Pakistan International School Riyadh, KSA

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Pakistan International School Riyadh - History:
Pakistan International School Riyadh (PISR) was established in 1968 as an International School under the Royal permission of the King Faisal Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (Late) of KSA. Pakistan International School, Riyadh (PISR) located in Al-Nasiriyah District of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Initially Pakistan International School was established Pakistan Army but in 1988 it was taken over by Pakistan Embassy at Riyadh.
Pakistan International School Riyadh offers classes from K.G. (Kindergarten) to Intermediate.
Pakistan International School Riyadh is affiliated with Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Islamabad, Pakistan.
Main Objective of establishing this school was to provide best possible education to Pakistani Children residing in Riyadh.

Pakistan International School Riyadh – Management:
Pakistan International School Riyadh is being run by a Board of Governors which is headed by Ambassador of Pakistan at Riyadh. Principal is the In-charge of Pakistan International School Riyadh while there are seven wings of Pakistan International School Riyadh each headed by an individual Headmaster/Headmistress.

Pakistan International School Riyadh – Campus:
Campus of Pakistan International School Riyadh is extended over an area of a radius of half kilometer. Pakistan International School Riyadh has seven separate wings. Principal and Administration Building is separate from school wings.

Pakistan International School Riyadh – Facilities:
  • Science, Computer Science and Language Laboratories
  • Books Library and Audio – Visual Library
  • Transportation/ Pick and Drop Facility
  • School Canteen
  • First Aid Medical Facility
  • Islamic Education and Physical Education
  • Sports Ground and Play Rooms
  • School Magazine
  • Meena Bazaar

Beacon House School System Pakistan

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Beacon House School System Pakistan

Beacon House School System is largest private school network in Pakistan. The first Beacon House School opened in Lahore in 1975. Beaconhouse has now established more than 141 schools across Pakistan. It is a group of private schools located throughout 30 cities in Pakistan. BSS provides preschool education, primary education, secondary education and preparation for the international General Certificate of Education GCE and local Secondary School Certificate SSC examinations.

Beacon House School System International

Beacon House School was established in 1975 as Les Anges Montessori Academy. Now it has become one of the largest global education networks with many schools, institutes and universities, giving education to over 179,000 students from pre-school to post-graduation. More than 12,000 employees are working in this group. Beaconhouse has its schools in South Asia, Europe, Southeast Asia, Pacific, Middle East, and North Africa. Beaconhouse School System has its schools internationally in many countries e.g. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Philippines, UK, UAE, Oman, Thailand, Malaysia. Beaconhouse School System has now become international brand.


The Educators: The Educators School network was established in Pakistan in 2002. The Educators Network is also a part of Beaconhouse School System but their fee is much less than Beaconhouse School System. There are hundreds of Educators Schools across Pakistan educating from Nursery to Intermediate.


TNS Educators: Established in 2007 in Lahore, Pakistan. These Schools offer education to only children from Nursery to Class 5.


The Discovery Center Smart School: The Discovery Center Smart School was established in 2002 in Karachi, Pakistan. The Discovery Center Smart School has the facility from Nursery to Class 6.


The Early Years: The Early Years: Child Development Centre opened in 2004 in Lahore. It enrols children aged 12 to 36 months in either its bridge or its playgroup programs.  The programs use play, music, and excursions to facilitate early childhood development.


Beaconhouse National University: Beaconhouse Group with the collaboration of private investors has set up a university, BNU (Beaconhouse National University). Beaconhouse National University was established in Lahore, Pakistan in 2003. BNU’s main campus is built over an area of 35 acres.
BNU is Pakistan’s first liberal arts university with faculties ranging from Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Media and Communications, and Education, to Architecture and Design, Visual Arts, and Information and Computer Technologies. It has an international faculty that has come from England, Holland, Canada, France, Germany and other countries, apart from some of Pakistan’s academics and intellectuals.
The University’s Vice Chancellor, Sartaj Aziz, is a former Finance Minister of Pakistan, while its Board of Governors counts amongst its members Nasreen Mahmud Kasuri (chairperson of Beaconhouse), Parvez Hassan (corporate lawyer and social activist), Shahid Kardar (economist and former Finance Minister), Hussain Dawood (industrialist), and others who have associated themselves because of its non-profit status. Beaconhouse National University was awarded a charter by the Government of Punjab in July 2005, giving it degree-awarding status.


Other Companies: Beaconhouse is also operating companies other than education networks. Beacon Energy Limited, Premier Trading Services and Premier Bus Services are also companies under the flag of Beaconhouse Group. This group is also working with US Government for the development of Solar Energy.

References:

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